- Introduction of Cement Slurry System (Part 1)
- Introduction of Cement Slurry System (Part 2)
- Introduction of Cement Slurry System (Part 3)
- Introduction of Cement Slurry System (Part 4)
- High Temperature and High Pressure Cementing Technology
- Low Density Cementing Slurry Technology
- Anti Gas Channeling Cementing Technology
- Drag Reducing Agents (DRA) or Drag Reducers (DR)
- Nitrogen Surfactant Compound Huff and Puff Technology
- Oil Washing Technology for Increasing Production
The new ICS can change the oil-based mud in the channeling channel and may improve the hydraulic sealing ability of the oil well, which is much better than that achieved only by removing the mud.
At present, most horizontal wells in the United States adopt multi-stage stimulation measures. In order to effectively increase production, it is necessary to isolate each well section inside and outside the production casing. In casing, although bridge plugs can be used between well sections to form effective isolation, cement must be able to form external isolation. Cementing operation in horizontal section is carried out according to the design, however, it is difficult to fully optimize all design parameters to achieve the best cementing operation. Moreover, few operators carry out cementing quality logging in horizontal section, and channeling in annulus is often considered as the root cause of low production increase efficiency. As well completion efficiency and well productivity depend on good interlayer isolation, it is generally believed that the profitability of oil wells has also been affected.
Mud removal is still an integral part of cementing operations. A new cement formula has been developed in the industry, which can improve the isolation effect between layers under the condition of poor mud removal. ICS can react with hydrocarbons in oil-based drilling fluid to reduce the permeability and fluidity of channeling, thus significantly improving the possibility of hydraulic isolation. In addition, a special test protocol has been developed to demonstrate the functions of the new system. In addition, the testing methods and analytical techniques of the American Petroleum Institute (API) were used to optimize the cement slurry.
For decades, the industry has been trying to improve cementing quality by optimizing the design standards discussed above, but a new idea needs to be changed. ICS was developed according to the idea of converting the residual oil-based drilling fluid into plugging material. This system has enhanced the interlayer isolation effect of residual well section of oil-based drilling fluid after cementing operation. The development of new cement system focuses on optimizing the concentration of active components to provide interaction with oil-based drilling fluid, while ensuring no impact on the rheological and mechanical properties of cement slurry. The internally developed program shows that the new system effectively reduces the hydraulic conductivity of micro annulus and 0.1 inch channeling.